Description: Turquoise exists in shades ranging from deep blue to deep green. It depends of the coloring elements it contains. Thus, the more copper the more, the more  turquoise is blue, chromium and vanadium give a green shade, and iron gives a yellow note. Turquoise can tarnish or change color if it dries out (it contains about 18% water) or if it is exposed to high heat. Avoid contact with household products. Turquoise often includes dark veins that indicate the presence of other minerals in the cracks. This is part of the charm of turquoise! Turquoise is often found in desert areas. It is present around the Red Sea, Mexico, the United States, Afghanistan, China, Israel, Brazil … but the most beautiful turquoise now come from Iran, in mines near Nishapur, Northeast of the country. Their quality has been recognized since the Persian’s time and their intense color is very sought after.

Characteristics: Turquoise is an aluminum phosphate of copper, light blue to apple green, of the formula CuAl6 [(OH) 2 / PO4] 4 – 4H2O. Its crystalline system is triclinic and it is found in many forms: cryptocrystalline, massive, compact, as well as in veins and clusters. The turquoise has a density of 2.6 to 2.8 and a hardness between 5 and 6 on the Mohs scale. Its luminescence is green-yellow or light blue. Its fracture is uneven, its cleavage good. It is an opaque mineral with luster.

History: The name of the turquoise comes from the fact that when the Venetian merchants introduced it into Europe, it was believed to comes from Turkey: in reality it came from Persia, where it was used as early as 5000 BC, and where we still find the most beautiful specimens. It was used as a talisman against the evil eye, to decorate the turbans, or for the dignitaries in a ring acting as a seal.
But the love story between man and turquoise goes back even further in time. Many turquoise jewels have been found in Egypt. Some date back to 6000 BC. In America, turquoise was a sacred stone, and it was even used as money. The Aztecs made marvelous mosaics with this stone, like the sculpted serpent found in the Treasury of Moctezuma II, the contemporary king of the arrival of the Spaniards. In South America it was the stone of the Gods and the men were unworthy of it. The North American Indians saw pieces of sky there … Many objects carved in turquoise were found on sites of ancient occupation by Indians in Western America. Nowadays, the Navajos and other Amerindian peoples continue to make splendid turquoise and silver jewelery that are sold all over the world.

Etymology: Known in Europe at the time of the Crusades, its name would come from “Turkish stone”, because it was in Turkey that the Europeans found it (although the mineral was imported from Iran, where it is called “Firouzé “). It was it who gave her name to the turquoise blue color.

Power: The Indians used turquoise for its healing properties. It cared for scorpion bites and snake bites. Transformed into balm and applied to the eyelids, it was supposed to avoid blindness.
The Tibetan Buddhists associated it with red coral, the whole symbolizing spiritual wealth and good fortune.
In lithotherapy, today, it is given many benefits; It would protect its owner from negative waves or harmful radiation, such as electromagnetic waves. Its ability to absorb these negative fumes would cause a change in color, or even a loss of brightness. Perhaps because of its cloudless sky color, it would be a source of balance and unification: harmony of mind and body, masculine and feminine tendencies … It would develop the finesse of intuition and of empathy. For people practicing meditation, turquoise would be a good catalyst, in conjunction with the third eye’s chakra. Removing certain inhibitions, it would allow positive energies to manifest and avoid psychological blockages to its wearer. In relation to the chakra of the throat, it would facilitate communication and therefore interpersonal relations; It would be appreciated for speakers, decreasing the stress of speaking in public and facilitating speech. Finally, in harmony with the chakra of the heart, it would bring calm and serenity, amplifying the capacities of love.

Astrology: Turquoise is generally related to the astrological signs of Libra, Gemini, Pisces, Sagittarius, Aquarius, but especially Scorpio. This sign, often considered to be hampered by a very high intensity of energy, sometimes turned negatively against itself, can be greatly aided by the turquoise which unwinds its blockages, brings it calm and inner peace. Turquoise is the birthstone of the children of December, it corresponds to the 18th anniversary of marriage.

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